New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish found along the Mississippi River in the southeastern area of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a key port, New Orleans is considered an economic and business hub for the broader Gulf Coast area of the United States.
New Orleans is world-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, special dialect, new orleans escorts and its yearly celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most special” in the United States, owing in huge element to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was after the territorial capital of French Louisiana before getting traded to the United States in the Louisiana Buy of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the greatest city in the American South from the Antebellum era till soon after Planet War II. The city’s area and flat elevation have historically produced it quite vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have set up a complicated program of levees and drainage pumps in an hard work to shield the city.
New Orleans was severely affected by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding far more than 80% of the city, thousands of deaths, and so significantly displacement since of damaged communities and lost housing as to trigger a population decline of over 50%. Since Katrina, key redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Concerns about gentrification, new residents buying house in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.