Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 individuals (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of far more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan location, also recognized as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is component of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan location is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with around four.73 million individuals as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), far more than twice the dimension of Tucson and one particular of the biggest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. Regardless of this, its canal program led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the original settler’s crops remaining critical components of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been recognized locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city till soon after Globe War II, when higher-tech companies began to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix’s hot summers far more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent annual population growth charge over a forty–yr time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth charge slowed for the duration of the Great Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.